by Linda Fisher Thornton
Human Rights and Morality
Business leaders have a clear responsibility to honor universal human rights. In their article The Moral Foundations of Ethical Leadership in the Values Based Leadership Journal, Hester and Killian remind us that “morality is inclusive, emphasizing human rights and dignity, respectful of diversity.”
Addressing Human Rights Risks
John Sherman, III, Harvard Kennedy School of Government believes that businesses must manage human rights risks along with other corporate risks.
“Is knowledge of human rights risks a company’s friend or its enemy? No one likes bad news, and messengers who deliver it may choose to do so gingerly. But it’s critically important for a company to investigate, understand, and act on facts – however unpleasant – that might pose real risks to it and its stakeholders in order to ensure that it addresses those risks.
If we have learned nothing else from the financial crisis, it is this – the failure by companies to understand and respond to the true nature and depth of their risks can devastate them and society. This principle is as true for human rights risks as it is for other company risks.”
John Sherman, III, Knowledge of Human Rights: Company Friend or Enemy? Institute for Human Rights and Business, ihrb.org
Ethical Leaders Protect Human Rights
There are universal guidelines for responsible business that describe the leadership responsibility for protecting human rights. Using global guidelines (which include the UN Global Compact and the Caux Roundtable Principles for Responsible Business), we can evaluate our approach and learn how well we’re doing. Use the following sources to assess how well you are honoring human rights in your organization.
Principles for Responsible Business
“The principles recognize that while laws and market forces are necessary, they are insufficient guides for responsible business conduct.”
“The principles are rooted in three ethical foundations for responsible business and for a fair and functioning society more generally, namely: responsible stewardship; living and working for mutual advantage; and the respect and protection of human dignity.”
The Caux Roundtable Principles for Responsible Business, cauxroundtable.org
The UN Global Compact
“The UN Global Compact is a strategic policy initiative for businesses that are committed to aligning their operations and strategies with ten universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labour,environment and anti-corruption. By doing so, business, as a primary driver of globalization, can help ensure that markets, commerce, technology and finance advance in ways that benefit economies and societies everywhere.”
The UN Global Compact, unglobalcompact.org
United Nations Human Rights
“The responsibility to respect human rights is not, however, limited to compliance with such domestic law provisions. It exists over and above legal compliance, constituting a global standard of expected conduct applicable to all businesses in all situations. It therefore also exists independently of an enterprise’s own commitment to human rights.”
United Nation Human Rights, The Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights: An Interpretive Guide, business-humanrights.org
The Netter Principles (Inclusion)
“In an inclusive organization, visible and invisible heterogeneity is present throughout all departments and at all levels of responsibility. Human differences and similarities are welcomed, valued and utilized at all levels across all formal and informal organizational systems.”
The Netter Principles, A Framework for Building Organizational Inclusion, The Workplace Diversity Network, cornell.edu
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
“Now, Therefore THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY proclaims THIS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.”
Ethical Leaders Honor Human Rights
As leaders, we are expected to protect human rights in all that we do. In our quest to lead responsibly, we must continually consider the question “How do we need to change in order to better honor human rights?”
If you are in the process of developing a corporate human rights policy, A Guide for Business: How to Develop a Human Rights Policy (UN Human Rights, Global Compact) is helpful in beginning the discussion.
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